Kids Dentistry / Pediatric dentistry
Pediatric dentistry is the branch of dentistry dealing with children from birth through adolescence promoting dental health as well as educating parents regarding their oral health.
A. Preventive procedures done:
1. FLUORIDE TREATMENTFluoride is a compound that contains fluorine, a natural element, and is found in drinking water. Using small amounts of fluoride on a routine basis can help prevent tooth decay. Fluoride can be found as an active ingredient in many dental products such as toothpaste, mouth rinses, and varnish treatments.
2. PIT & FISSURE SEALANTS
Sealants are a protective plastic coating, which your dentist applies to the chewing surface and sides of teeth that are at risk of decay.
PIT & FISSURE SEALANTS
How do fissure sealants protect teeth?The chewing surface of back teeth has small grooves or fissures which often extend right down into the tooth itself. However well the teeth are brushed, these fissures are very difficult to clean thoroughly. Bacteria and food particles stick in them and eventually cause decay. Fissure sealants completely seal of these grooves, preventing any food particles or bacteria from getting in.
When should it be done?
It’s best to get the permanent back molar teeth sealed as soon as they start to come through. This is usually between:
- 3 to 4 years of age – for primary molar (milk teeth)
- 6 to 7 years of age – for permanent 1st molar
- 11 to 13 years of age – for permanent 2nd molar
B. Conservative procedures :1. DENTAL FILLING
2. BABY ROOT CANAL TREATMENT (RCT):-
What is Baby Rct?
Baby Rct is done to avoid extraction and to save the milk tooth in the mouth, till it is replaced by permanent tooth.
It is done for the following reasons
If the child’s milk tooth is not repairable through simpler means, such as dental filling procedure. When baby teeth become infected or severely damaged. To maintain speech and ability to bite and chew food.Almost all baby root canal treated back teeth is covered by Stainless Steel Crown (SSC) to give strength and protection.
C. Interceptive procedures :
1. COMMON ORAL HABITSPersistent thumb sucking, tongue thrusting, mouth breathing, bottle, and pacifier (Rubber Nipple) habits can all cause malocclusion. If corrected early enough, these problems can be self-correcting. Average treatment time with this appliance is 6-8 months.
2. SPACE MAINTAINERS
Children may need space maintainer if they lose a tooth early or have a baby (primary) tooth extracted due to dental decay. Its purpose is to keep the space open to allow the permanent tooth to erupt and come into place. If not given at the right time, the condition may lead to crowding of teeth.